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Showing 52 posts in Sales/Disputes.

Know the Limitations of Small Claims Court

You just bought a horse but believe the seller lied to you about its health, history, and training. You want the sale reversed, the horse returned to the seller, and your purchase price returned. You also want all of your hauling expenses and veterinary bills reimbursed. Can you avoid the expense of a lawyer and sue the seller on your own in small claims court? Read More ›

Categories: Sales/Disputes

Not All Legal Disputes Warrant a Lawsuit

Is every legal dispute appropriate for a lawsuit? Not necessarily. Sometimes the dispute can be resolved quickly and amicably – as long as the parties are willing to consider an alternative to the legal system such as arbitration or mediation. Read More ›

Categories: Contracts, Sales/Disputes

Common Equine Breeding Disputes and How to Avoid Them

Horse breeding transactions can generate several disputes, including the following:


The stallion’s show or race schedule prevents its availability for breeding by cooled semen or live cover.

If the breeding will be accomplished by live cover, AI, or shipped cooled semen, which requires the stallion to be available for collection, this problem can be avoided by a contract that specifies a range of dates or months in which the stallion can be available. Read about other common disputes ›

Categories: Breeding, Sales/Disputes

Legal Aspects of Buying a Horse from a Sales Agent

Generally speaking, it is completely legal to do business with an agent in a business transaction.  An agency relationship generally exists when one person, such as a horse seller, agrees to allow another person to act on his or her behalf in a transaction. The agent acts on behalf of the “principal.”


Those who deal with parties claiming to be agents can encounter risks, such as: Read More ›

Categories: Sales/Disputes

Tips for the Novice Horse Buyer

Our office receives numerous calls from first-time horse buyers who are soured on the horse industry due to bad experiences with horse sellers. Some proceed with lawsuits. Horse buyers who proceed cautiously and seek assistance at the proper time can, in many cases, avoid disputes. This article offers some suggestions. Read More ›

Categories: Sales/Disputes

Three Written Words That Might Prevent a Lawsuit

Gene buys a mare from a horse seller across the country, and pays the full purchase price, which the seller receives. Shipping was set for the next day. As the shipper pulls in to get the horse, it is discovered that the horse has become seriously ill and dies within hours, while still at the seller’s stable. Is Gene entitled to a refund?

The answer could depend on three important words, “Risk of loss.” Read More ›

Categories: Sales/Disputes

The Unique Benefits of Hiring an Equine Law Practitioner

In January 2013, I spoke at a number of education programs on Equine Law. Attendees raised several questions, and some of them are shared on this blog.


Has your equine law experience made a difference in specific cases where opposing counsel may have lacked similar experience? If so, how? Answer ›

Categories: Insurance, Sales/Disputes

Pre-Sale Agreements Regarding Inspections and Testing

During a national teleconference on Equine Law in January 2013, I was asked: “Do you recommend pre-sale agreements regarding inspections and testing?”


Yes.  When I represent sellers in equine sale transactions, I prefer a contract that specifies that the buyer has received an opportunity to have the horse tested by veterinarians and equine professionals of the buyer's own choosing and at the buyer's sole expense.  Allowing, if not encouraging, the buyer to seek professional opinions on the horse can help break the chain of reliance on the seller.  What about a buyer-oriented contract? ›

Categories: Contracts, Sales/Disputes

Lease Agreements Can Avoid Disputes

Desert Mirage - December 2012

Categories: Sales/Disputes

Can You Contract With a Child?

A teenager, 17 years old, drives herself to your stable and expresses an interest in buying or leasing one of your horses.  She is old enough to drive a car, but is she old enough to enter into a contract with you?

The answer is no.  Unless she has reached the age of majority in the applicable state, she does not have the legal capacity to enter into a contract with you. Read More ›

Categories: Liability, Sales/Disputes

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Our Equine law blog (and its author) in the news!

Julie Fershtman, author of our popular and prolific Equine Law Blog, was interviewed by the State Bar of Michigan. The interview, which called Fershtman "Lawyer-Blogger," discussed our Equine Law Blog. We truly believe that this blog is the nation's most active blog serving the equine industry on equine law topics, and we thank you for visiting it. Read more here.

Julie Fershtman’s Recent and Upcoming Equine Law Speaking Engagements Include:

National Conference on Equine Law in Louisville, Kentucky on April 29, 2020. Topic will be on Waivers/Releases of Liability Involving Minor Participants. 

U.S. Hunter Jumper Association (USHJA) Annual Convention in Denver, Colorado on December 10, 2019. Topic will be on Equine Liability. 

IRMI Emmett J. Vaughan Agribusiness Conference (“AgriCon”) in Sacramento, CA (April 2019), and Richmond, VA (June 2019) and in Des Moines, IA (September 2019), on topics of “Equine Activity Liability Acts” and “Equine Mortality Insurance Disputes.”

National Conference on Equine Law in May 2019 in Lexington, KY, on the topic of “Equine Activity Liability Act Updates” and liabilities involving hosting of equine clinics. 

Agricultural Claims Conference in Kansas City, MO, in March 2019 on topics of “Loose Livestock Liabilities.”

2018 American Bar Association Annual Meeting in Chicago, IL, on “Equine Mortality Coverage and Disputes.”

November 2018, American Horse Council webinar on “Equine Liability.”

Honors & Recognitions

Equine lawyer, Julie Fershtman, has received these prestigious equine industry awards from respected equine organizations:

"Excellence in the Advancement of Animal Law Award" - American Bar Association Tort Trial & Insurance Law Section Animal Law Committee

"Distinguished Service Award" - American Youth Horse Council

"Industry Service Award" - Michigan Equine Partnership

"Catalyst Award"- Michigan Horse Council

"Outstanding Achievement Award" - American Riding Instructors Association 

"Partner in Safety Award" - American Riding Instructors Association 

"Associate Service Award" - United Professional Horseman's Association

"National Partnership in Safety" Award" - Certified Horsemanship Association 

What our Equine Law Services can Provide

Handling breach of contract, fraud/ misrepresentation, commercial code, and other claims involving equine-related transactions including purchases/sales, leases, mare leases/foal transfers, and partnerships.

Litigating disputes in court or through alternative dispute resolution (arbitration, mediation, facilitation).

Defending equine/farm/equestrian industry professionals,  businesses, and associations in personal injury claims and lawsuits.

Drafting and negotiating contracts for boarding, training, sales, waivers/releases, leases, and numerous other equine-related transactions.

Representing and advising insurers on  coverage and policy language as well as litigation;

Advising equine industry clubs and associations regarding management, rules, bylaws, disputes, and regulations.

Representing some of the equine industry's top trainers, competitors, stables, and associations.

Counseling industry professionals, stable managers, and individual horse owners. 


Did you know Julie Fershtman has spoken at the American Horse Council Annual Meeting, Equine Affaire, Midwest Horse Fair, Equitana USA, US Dressage Federation Annual Meeting, North American Riding for the Handicapped (now PATH International) Annual Meeting, American Morgan Horse Association Annual Meeting, American Paint Horse Association Annual Meeting, US Pony Clubs, Inc.'s Annual Meeting, All-American Quarter Horse Congress, American Youth Horse Council Annual Meeting, American Riding Instructors Association Annual Meeting, CHA Annual Meeting, and numerous others? Consider signing her up for your convention. Contact Julie.

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